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  Brief Regarding Pachkhan


Pachakhan literally means vow or oath. Pachakhan is ritual to help to follow strict discipline in eating in Jainism. Pachkhan in front of Bhagwan. In case it is not feasible, please use the following print / audio Pachkhans. Please follow the instructions for performing Pachkhan.


  Instructions for taking Pachkhan:

  1. Fold your hands (in front of Bhagwan’s photo if possible).
  2. Insure that your mouth is clean.
  3. Decide which Pachkhan you wish to take
  4. Click and listen the recording
  5. When recording say “Pachkhai” you say in your mind “Pachkhami”
  6. It is ok to listen two Pachkhans in one audio file


Please Click on link to Follow Panchang.

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01. Navkarsi : (નવકારસીનું પચ્ચકખાણ)

Navkarsi :Don’t eat or drink anything untill 48 minutes after the sunrise, then sit at one place , fold your hand(Muththi vaalavi or handful), recite Navkar 3 times and then take food or water. By doing navkarsi one day, a person can shed karmas equivalent to 100 years of torture in hell – i.e. karma nirjara.

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02. Porsi And Sadhporsi : (પોરીસી અને સાઢપોરીસીનુ પચ્ચકખાણ)

Porsi :Don’t eat or drink anything untill One Prahar time after the sunrise, then sit at one place , fold your hand(Muththi vaalavi or handful), recite Navkar 3 times and then take food or water. By doing Porsi one day, a person can shed karmas equivalent to 1,000 years of hell life – i.e. karma nirjara.


Sadhporsi :Don’t eat or drink anything untill 1.5 Prahar time after the sunrise, then sit at one place , fold your hand(Muththi vaalavi or handful), recite Navkar 3 times and then take food or water. By doing Porsi one day, a person can shed karmas equivalent to 10,000 years of hell life – i.e. karma nirjara.

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03. Purimaddha And Avaddha : (પુરીમુડઢ અવડઢનું પચ્ચકખાણ)

Purimaddha :Don’t eat or drink anything untill Two Prahars time after the sunrise, then sit at one place , fold your hand(Muththi vaalavi or handful), recite Navkar 3 times and then take food or water. By doing Porsi one day, a person can shed karmas equivalent to 100,000 years of hell life – i.e. karma nirjara.


Avadhha :Don’t eat or drink anything untill Three Prahar time after the sunrise, then sit at one place , fold your hand(Muththi vaalavi or handful), recite Navkar 3 times and then take food or water.

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04. Ekasanu And Biyasanu : (એકાસણું અને બીઆસણાનું પચ્ચકખાણ)

Ekasanu :In Ekasan, Eat only once in a day, sitting at one place within less than 48 minutes. Other than that dont eat or drink anything except boiled water. Boiled water cab be drunk up to sunset Only. By doing Ekashan, a person can shed karmas equivalent to 1 million years(10 Lac) of hell life – i.e. karma nirjara.


Biyasanu : Don’t eat or drink anything untill Two Prahars time after the sunrise, then sit at one place , fold your hand(Muththi vaalavi or handful), recite Navkar 3 times and then take food or water.

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05. Ayambil Pachkhan : (આયંબિલનું પચ્ચક્ખાણ)

Ayambil : In Ayambil, Eat only once in a day, Don’t eat any Vigai-Fruits-Vegetables ,sitting at one place within less than 48 minutes. Other than that dont eat or drink anything except boiled water. Boiled water cab be drunk up to sunset Only. By doing Ayambil, a person can shed karmas equivalent to 100 billion years(1000 crore years) of hell life – i.e. karma nirjara.

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06. 1-2-3 Upvas Nu Pachkhan (Attam) : (એક બે ત્રણ અઠ્ઠમ ઉપવાસ લેવાનુ પચ્ચકખાણ)

Fasting for 3 consecutive days on boiled water which has to be taken after sunrise porsi time and stop after sunset.This fasting done with religion orient helps alot in karma nirjara and improves your self-confidence.

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07. Tivihar Upvas Nu Pachkhan : (તિવીહાર ઉપવાસનું પચ્ચકખાણ)

Fasting only on boiled water for 1day is called tivihar upvas.
Boiled water can be taken after sunrise 3hrs has passed also known as porsi till 10mins before sunset time.Fasting for whole day with jain religion orient helps you to control all your disease.

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08. Chovihar Upvas Nu Pachkhan : (ચોવિહાર ઉપવાસનું પચ્ચકખાણ)

Fasting for whole day without any food or even boiled water with jain religion orient is termed as chovihar upvas.

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09. 14 Niyam Dharnar Deshvagasani Pachakhan : (ચૌદ નિયમ ધારનારને દેશાવગાસિકનુ પચ્ચક્ખાણ)

Sachhit Davvah vigaiVanah Tambol Vatha Kusumesu |
vahan shayan vilevan bhambh disi naan bhatesu ||
This pachakhan is to be taken when you decide to sacrifice small things like food.
when you take this pachkhan you get for all the things in the world.
example-you decided to eat have only 15 food items today.

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10. Panahara Upvas Nu Pachkhan : (પાણહાર ઉપવાસનુ પચ્ચકખાણ)

When someone has taken pachkhan of upvas for more than 2 days and upto 15 days then next day instead of taking upvas pachkhan ,panhar upvas pachkhan has to be taken by folding two hands.

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11. Ambil Eksanu Pachkhan : (આંબીલ-એકાસણું વગેરે પારવાનુ પચ્ચકખાણ)

When a person has been in paushad and taken pachkhan for ekashnu/ambel then after doing the required kriya this pachkhan has to be taken.After this pachkhan sit in your asaan count 3 navkar by keeping right hand thumb and finger folded,release your hand and have your meal.

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12. Dharaṇa Abhigrahanu Pachkhan (ધારણા-અભિગ્રહનુ-પચકખાણ)

When you decide to sacrifice any eatables or any particular thing for particular time frame to avoid any kind of crime(Paap) one has to take this pachkhan. Example:-If any one is not going to eat/drink for 1 hr then he/she can take this pachkan.

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13. Hourly Muththisahiyam Pachkhan : (કલાકે કલાકે લેવાનું મુઠ્ઠીસહીયં પચ્ચકખાણ)

This pachkan has to be taken between sunrise to sunset before having any kind of meal.To take this pachkan before having meal keep your right hand thumb and finger folded on your right side of floor then count 3 navkar after you finish your meal count 3 navkar in the similar way and then get up.

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14. Tivihara Upvas Pachkhan : (તિવીહાર ઉપવાસ પારવાનું પચ્ચકખાણ)

When one is in paushad in purimuddh time after doing dharma kriya like chaityavandan, sajaay and have taken upvas pachkhan then they have to listen to this pachkhan.After listening to this count 3 navkar by keeping right thumb folder finger hand on floor and drink boiled water.

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15. Evening Tivihara Upvas Pachkhan : ( સાંજના તિવીહાર પારવાનું પચ્ચકખાણ)

If you want to drink only water after sunset then this pachkhan has to be taken during sunset. You can drink only water till10:00pm by folding right thumb finger folded handed on floor and count 3 navkar.

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16. Tap Panahar Pachkhan : (તપ વાળાને પાણહારનું પચ્ચક્ખાણ)

A person who has taken pachkhan in morning of Upvas/ Ekashnu/ Beshnu / Ambel. Then during sunset after having last time of water for that particular day they have to take this pachkhan by folding two hands.

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17. Chovihara Upvas Evening Pachkhan: (ચોવીહાર ઉપવાસ વાળાને સાંજનું પચ્ચકખાણ)

Before sunset a person who has observed fast by not drinking even water has to listen to this pachkhan by joining two hands.By doing so you have sacrifised all your eatables and drinkables for that day and done a lot of karma nirjana.

Thank you for taking Pachkhan.God bless you.

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