The Palitana temples of Jainism are located on Shatrunjaya hill by the city of Palitana in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India. The city of the same name, known previously as Padliptapur, has been dubbed “City of Temples”. Shatrunjaya means a “place of victory against inner enemies” or “which conquers inner enemies”.
This site on Shatrunjaya hill is considered sacred by Shwetambar Jains. It is said that 23 of 24 Jain Tirthankaras, except Neminath, sanctified the hill by their visits. There are approximately 863 marble-carved temples on the hills spread mostly in nine clusters, some being vast temple complexes, while most small in size. The main temple is dedicated to Rishabhnath, the first Tirthankara; it is the holiest shrine for the Shwetambar Murtipujak sect. The main temple is reached by stepping up 3500 steps. Along with Shikharji in the state of Jharkhand, the two sites are considered the holiest of all pilgrimage places by the Jain community. Jains believe that a visit to this group of temples is essential as a once in a lifetime chance to achieve nirvana or salvation.